New Zealand Mountains
Stomping ground of legendary explorers and source of inspiration for countless artists, poets and storytellers, New Zealand’s vast peaks and snow-capped pinnacles typify a landscape of extremes. Rising sharply from the earth and sea, the New Zealand mountains run like a majestic backbone down the country, their rugged beauty never failing to impress.
The tallest mountains in New Zealand have long served as motivation for serious mountaineers and hikers intent on scaling the heights. Fortunately for us mere mortals, some of the most impressive New Zealand mountain ranges are still accessible to those without ice picks and crampon skills!
Visitors from around the globe make the trip to New Zealand’s shores to marvel at the mountains. And that journey is never in vain – New Zealand’s mountain ranges are even more breath-taking in real life, leaving many a hiker lost for words as they gaze up at the rocky outcrops, swirling mists and snowy heights above.
According to Maori legend, how were the mountains of New Zealand formed?
Maori tradition tells that New Zealand’s mountains were once gods and warriors whose fierce battles forged the landscape. Viewed as sacred sites, the Maori people have deep respect for the mountains in New Zealand and a strong relationship with the land.
Special reverence is given to the tallest mountains in New Zealand and the rich mythology that accompanies them. To stand atop a mountain peak is to stand on top of an ancestor, hence the reason why many Maori will not stand on the very top of a mountain. Educational tools and guidance are provided to climbers and guides who seek to summit New Zealand’s peaks to ensure that respect is maintained for the sacred nature of the mountains.
In this article we’ll make a list of mountains in New Zealand, highlighting the 7 most impressive peaks, as well as sharing a little of the Maori legends and stories that bring the landscape to life.
1. Aoraki/ Mount Cook
Height: 3,724m (12,218 ft)
The tallest mountain in New Zealand, Aoraki/Mount Cook is known as the ‘cloud-piercer’, and when its snowy heights are revealed behind the white mist, you’ll understand its significance to the New Zealand people. Part of the Southern Alps mountain chain and lying at the centre of the 650km long active Alpine Fault, Aoraki was formed as the Pacific and Indo-Australian tectonic plates collided. The mountain continues to grow even today, rising an average of 7mm (0.28in) each year.
To the Ngãi Tahu people, Aoraki is the most sacred of peaks, linking the natural and supernatural worlds. Maori legend tells that Aoraki was the son of Rakinui, the Sky Father. Aoraki’s canoe became stranded on a reef during a voyage and tilted up. Along with his three brothers, Aoraki climbed on top of the canoe where the south wind froze them place, turning them into stone and creating the Southern Alps.
Serving as a training ground to no less than Sir Edmund Hillary who went on to summit Mount Everest in 1953, Aoraki/Mount Cook and the surrounding area is widely regarded as the best mountaineering in Australasia. Luckily there’s plenty for non-mountaineers to enjoy as well. Beautiful lower level hikes lead walkers through stunning alpine scenery with views typically reserved for serious mountaineers only. Glaciers, lakes complete with icebergs, herb fields and cheeky local wildlife like the Kea (the world’s only alpine parrot!) ensure that visitors to the area are not disappointed.
Where in New Zealand is Aoraki/Mount Cook?
The tallest mountain in New Zealand is in the central South Island, nestled deep within the heart of the Southern Alps in Mount Cook National Park. Surrounded by towering peaks and pristine scenery, the small Aoraki/Mount Cook Village lies at the foot of the mountain. An International Dark Sky Reserve, it’s the perfect place for star gazing at night when you’re not staring at the mountain during the day!
Access to Aoraki/Mount Cook: First summited in 1894 by three New Zealanders, the peak is accessible only to experienced mountaineers. However, there are lots of lower level walks and hikes that provide excellent views of the mountain. You can also get up close with the icebergs on a boat ride or take a helicopter up to the Tasman Glacier for breath-taking vistas.
You can explore Aoraki/Mount Cook National Park on any of our South Island New Zealand Trails trips – it’s one of New Zealand’s top experiences!
2. Mount Ruapehu
Height: 2,797m (9,177 ft)
Mount Ruapehu is the largest active New Zealand volcano and the highest point on the North Island. Its imposing form dominates the landscape, with its three peaks snow-capped in winter then revealing rugged volcanic rock over the summer months. Sitting at the southern end of the Taupo Volcanic Zone, this stratovolcano made up of layers of lava and ash is one of the world’s most active, most recently erupting in 2006.
In Maori tradition, Ruapehu was a beautiful maid whose infidelity resulted in an epic battle between her husband, Taranaki and her lover, Tongariro. The battle was eventually won by the rival lover, but Ruapehu still misses her husband to this day and sighs as she remembers him, releasing a mist. Tongariro, the rival, despite victory is angry, smoking and smouldering in fury.
Lord of the Rings fans might recognise the landscape of Mount Ruapehu as the fictional Mount Doom from the film trilogy!
Where in New Zealand is Mount Ruapehu?
Mount Ruapehu is located within the Tongariro National Park in the central North Island of New Zealand, an area with dual World Heritage status. The closest towns are Ohakune to the northeast and Taupo to the southwest, both 23km (14 mi) away.
Access to Mount Ruapehu: With unimpeded views right to the coast, this stunning part of the country is accessible year-round to hikers, skiers, snowboarders and nature lovers. There are two commercial ski fields, with a hike from the chairlift up to the summit and crater lake possible with the correct equipment.
Height: 1,978m (6,490 ft)
Another New Zealand volcano, Mount Tongariro was formed by multiple eruptions over many years from its 12 cones, commencing some 275,000 years ago. Ancient and impressive, Mount Tongariro is a world-famous hiking destination with a complex landscape of craters, alpine lakes and smoking vents. Maori legend plays out on the landscape to this day, and visitors to the area enjoy uncovering more of the story as they hike.
Tongariro became New Zealand’s first National Park in September 1887 when a local Maori Chief gifted the land to the people of New Zealand. It is New Zealand’s oldest National Park and its dual World Heritage status recognises the cultural significance of the land, as well as its impressive volcanic features.
Where in New Zealand is Mount Tongariro?
Situated in its namesake, Tongariro National Park is located halfway between Auckland and Wellington on the North Island of New Zealand.
Access to Mount Tongariro: Heralded as the “best day hike in the world”, the Tongariro Crossing is well deserving of the title. This 19.4km (12 mi) hike offers stunning scenery and panoramic views. Because of the active volcanic nature of the landscape, multiple hazards exist, and weather conditions can have a big impact on your hike. We recommend hiking the track with an experienced guide to make the most of the walk.
Request a free copy of our brochure to find out more about how you can explore the Tongariro Crossing with New Zealand Trails.
4. Tititea (Mount Aspiring)
Height: 3,033m (9,951 ft)
Outside of the Aoraki/Mt Cook area, Mount Aspiring is the tallest mountain in New Zealand, placing 23rd by height in the list of mountains in New Zealand. Tititea can be translated as ‘glistening peak’ or ‘steep peak of sparkling white’ - an apt description for this beautiful but rugged mountain. Carrying on the theme of alternative descriptions, Mount Aspiring has also been called the ‘Matterhorn of the South’ due to its pyramid-shaped peak.
The local landscape formed over time through intense glaciation, and today three large glaciers flank the mountain, draining into surrounding rivers. Early Maori passed through the region to collect food and pounamu (greenstone). In fact, their ‘Greenstone trails’ cut through mountain passes are still in use today. Tititea (Mount Aspiring) is part of the Te Wähipounamu South West New Zealand World Heritage Area, a title that signifies its natural and cultural world significance.
Where in New Zealand is Mount Aspiring?
Located in Mount Aspiring National Park on the South Island, one of New Zealand’s largest and least developed National Parks, it spans some 355,543ha. The closest towns are Wanaka, Queenstown, Glenorchy and Te Anau – all great bases to explore the area and view the peak.
Access to Mount Aspiring: Part of the Southern Alps, Mount Aspiring draws visitors from all around and while the peak is off limits to all but the hardiest climbers, there are many fantastic day and overnight hikes in the area.
5. Rahotu (Mitre Peak)
Height: 1,690m (5,560ft)
An iconic New Zealand peak, Rahotu stands at one vertical mile high on the shores of Milford Sound. Its distinctive peak shape resembles a bishop’s headgear, lending itself to the name Mitre Peak. Sitting at the mouth of Milford Sound, it’s an impressive sight for visitors to the ‘eighth wonder of the world’ and one of our most photographed mountains. Appearing as a single peak, it’s actually part of five mountains grouped closely together but hidden from sight.
Early Maori travelled to Milford Sound overland, following a route that has become the Milford Track as we know it today. They named the peak Rahotu, after an ancestral man from Taranaki – whose conduct was apparently not very becoming of a mitre, but nevertheless the name stuck!
Where in New Zealand is Mitre Peak?
Situated in Fiordland, the largest of New Zealand’s National Parks, Mitre Peak is a prominent feature on the south shore of Milford Sound. You can spend the night in Milford Sound, either aboard a purpose-built vessel or in the homely Milford Lodge. The closest township is Te Anau, gateway to Fiordland and with a wealth of exceptional hikes.
Access to Mitre Peak: There are six routes up Mitre Peak, although it’s a demanding climb reserved for experienced mountaineers. The best way to experience Mitre Peak for those not familiar with rock climbing techniques is on a boat cruise of the fiord.
We visit Milford Sound on all our South Island tours and you’ll enjoy a chance to witness the natural wonder of Mitre Peak up close. Discover five reasons Milford Sound is best visited in the rain and find out how you can get there by getting in touch with us.
6. Horokoau (Mount Tasman)
Height: 3,497m (11,473 ft)
Mount Tasman is the second tallest mountain in New Zealand, closely neighbouring Aoraki/ Mount Cook and bedecked with a glittering snowy crown. Considered by many to be New Zealand’s most beautiful peak, it is a popular but intensely challenging climb for mountaineers.
The Maori name Horokoau is believed to refer to the swelling in the neck of a shag bird when it’s swallowing a fish. It’s also known by another Maori name, Rarakiroa, the brother of Aoraki/ Mount Cook, who stood together atop their upturned waka (canoe) of the South Island, turned to stone by the icy winds and forming the mountainous landscape as we see it today.
Where in New Zealand is Mount Tasman?
Four kilometres north of its taller brother, Mount Tasman is in the Aoraki/Mount Cook National Park. All of New Zealand’s peaks over 3000m are found in the Southern Alps, making it one of most impressive mountainous landscapes in the world.
Access to Mount Tasman: Mount Tasman’s towering peak is covered in snow and ice and presents a challenge to even the most technically experienced climber. For those understandably disinclined to summit, incredible views can be had on a clear day from the West Coast of New Zealand’s South Island.
Experience this mountainous wonderland on our Masterpiece tour that takes you right around the South Island and into the heart of the mountains in New Zealand.
7. Kawarau (The Remarkables)
Height:2,319M (7,608 ft)
Remarkable by name and nature, the Kawarau peaks are one of the iconic New Zealand mountain ranges. Better known simply as ‘The Remarkables’, this rugged range is one of only two in the world that run directly north to south. Formed by tectonic plate pressure running along the fault line that extends the length of the Southern Alps, the near-vertical rock faces overlook Lake Wakatipu and the surrounding towns and settlements. It’s a popular ski field today and there here are several alpine lakes set amongst the mountains – perfect for a refreshing dip after a big hike in summer!
The Maori Name Kawarau can be broken down to find its meaning; ‘kawa' meaning bitter or pointed and 'rau' meaning many. The river at the foot of the mountains is also named Kawarau, after a Maori chief who was highly esteemed by his people.
Where in New Zealand are The Remarkables?
Providing a stunning backdrop to the adventure capital of the world, The Remarkables is a short but scenic drive from Queenstown. Enjoy incredible views of the mountain peaks from the centre of town or get a panoramic vista of the Wakatipu Basin by driving a short way up the access road.
Access to The Remarkables: An access road allows you to drive almost to the top of the mountain. During the winter months, the highest points can be reached via chairlift or alpine hiking. They will be snow-covered, so be prepared. Summer is also a popular time for hikers and there are various routes available, some more challenging than others. You might also spot the odd mountain biker speeding down the lower level peaks and troughs.
Queenstown is our home and we love the jaw-dropping effect The Remarkables has on our guests when they visit. Explore with us on an outstanding small group tour and discover the real New Zealand with the locals!
That about wraps up our list of mountains in New Zealand. The 7 we’ve listed are some of our favourites, but with hundreds to choose from, you might well find your own inspiration on your travels!